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Indian Ocean Monsoon

The Indian Ocean monsoon is a weather system that affects the Indian Ocean region, including the countries of India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Myanmar. It is a seasonal wind pattern that brings heavy rainfall to the region during the summer months, and dry weather during the winter months.

The Indian Ocean monsoon is driven by temperature differences between the land and sea, which creates a low-pressure zone over the Indian subcontinent during the summer months. This draws in moist air from the Indian Ocean, which leads to heavy rainfall in the region.

There are two main phases of the Indian Ocean monsoon: the southwest monsoon, which occurs from June to September, and the northeast monsoon, which occurs from October to December. The southwest monsoon is the more significant of the two and brings the majority of the region's rainfall.

The Indian Ocean monsoon has a significant impact on the region's agriculture, as it provides the necessary water for crops to grow. However, it can also lead to flooding and landslides in some areas. Climate change is expected to affect the Indian Ocean monsoon, and there are concerns that changes to the system could have significant consequences for the region's people and economy.

When the Monsoon changes direction in Apri/May and October/November the weather becomes stable with smooth seas and a tranquil
Calm Seas

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