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The Mascarene Basin

Updated: Nov 30, 2023

Mascarene Basin

The Mascarene Basin is a vast area of the Indian Ocean, located to the east of Madagascar and to the south-west of India. It is an elongated submarine basin that stretches over an area of approximately 115,000 square kilometers. The basin is named after the Mascarene Islands, which lie to the east of Madagascar and are composed of Mauritius, Réunion, and Rodrigues.


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Desroches, on the westerly border of the mascarene basin

The Mascarene Basin is characterized by a complex geology, with numerous submarine ridges, seamounts, and abyssal plains. The basin is also home to several hydrothermal vents, which are areas where hot, mineral-rich water rises up from the ocean floor. These vents support a unique ecosystem of specialized organisms that are adapted to extreme conditions.


The Mascarene Basin is an important area for marine biodiversity, with a high level of endemism among its fauna and flora. It is also an important fishing ground, particularly for tuna and other pelagic species. The basin has been the subject of extensive scientific study, particularly in the fields of geology, biology, and oceanography, due to its unique features and ecological significance. (chatgpt)

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2023年4月02日
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Interesting info!

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